Sussex Spaniel Dog Breed

The Sussex Spaniel fares well in either the country or the city, but the breed does require regular grooming and daily exercise.
By: PawCulture Editors
Sussex Spaniel Dog Breed

About the Sussex Spaniel Dog Breed

The Sussex Spaniel originated in 19th century Sussex England, where it was used as hunting dogs. The Sussex was bred to be smaller and slower than other spaniels to allow the hunters to follow them on foot.

Sussex Spaniel Physical Characteristics

The Sussex Spaniel is a medium-sized dog with a long back and short legs. Its head is broad across with long, droopy ears and eyes that are gold, amber or light brown in color. But don’t be fooled by the somber expression on a Sussex Spaniel’s face; it is quite a cheerful dog breed. 


The Sussex Spaniel is most commonly seen in golden liver.


The coat of the Sussex Spaniel is medium in length and can be flat or slightly wavy, especially on the ears. There is normally feather on the chest, legs and belly.

Sussex Spaniel Personality and Temperament

Activity Level



The Sussex Spaniel is a loving and caring dog breed, often even among kids and other animals.

Things to Consider

The Sussex Spaniel is known to bark or howl at will. It also needs to be groomed on a regular basis, and as with most Spaniels requires special attention keeping the ears clean.

Sussex Spaniel Care

Ideal Living Conditions

The Sussex Spaniel fares well in the country or city. 

Special Requirements

The Sussex Spaniel requires regular grooming attention and daily exercise.

Sussex Spaniel Health

The following conditions are commonly seen in Spinone Italianos:


Sussex Spaniel History and Background

Among the rarest of American Kennel Club breeds, the Sussex Spaniel is a land spaniel that derived its name from the county of Sussex, England. These dogs have a keen sense of smell, but are slower in their work than most spaniels. As such, they were not preferred by hunters in America, mainly because they required a breed that could hunt faster.

The Sussex Spaniel has the credit of being among the first 10 breeds to receive American Kennel Club recognition. However, despite being one of the few breeds on display in dog shows in the late 1800s, it failed to garner much popularity and nearly became extinct by the turn of the century.

Thus, a large scale crossbreeding program was undertaken to increase the breed numbers. The pinnacle of the program’s success occurred in 1954, when existing Sussex Spaniels were crossed with Clumber Spaniels. Despite this, the number of Sussex Spaniels remains very low today.