Samoyed Dog Breed

The Samoyed is a lovable and playful breed that gets along well with people and is very protective.
By: PawCulture Editors
Samoyeds Dog Breed

About the Samoyed Dog Breed

The Samoyed is a hardy working dog, bred for pulling sleds and herding. It will even turn its experience to the family’s children, playfully herding them.

Samoyed Physical Characteristics

Samoyeds are large dogs with triangular heads. The eyes are set wide apart, and the ears are small and erect. The tail is long and bushy and carried over the back. The mouth is wide and curls up on the ends making it look like the Samoyed is smiling. 


Pure white, white and biscuit, cream or biscuit.


The heavy, weather resistant coat is suitable for very cold climates.

Samoyed Personality and Temperament

Activity Level



The Samoyed is a lovable and playful dog breed. It gets along well with its human family and is extremely protective. It is also great at dog sporting events.

Things to Consider

The Samoyed can be overprotective at times, and is known to be a little stubborn. If left alone for too long, it can become noisy and destructive.

Samoyed Care

Ideal Living Conditions

If exercised regularly, the Samoyed would fare well in the city or country. 

Special Requirements 

The Samoyed requires an exercise and grooming routine.

Samoyed Health

The following conditions are commonly seen in Samoyeds:


Samoyed History and Background

The Samoyed breed is named after the nomadic Samoyed group of people, who came from central Asia to northwestern Siberia. They were solely dependent on reindeer for their food, thus they had to move constantly with the herd, to ensure the reindeer had enough food for themselves. They used hardy and powerful spitz dogs for herding and protecting the reindeer from ferocious Arctic predators. These dogs were treated like family members, lived in the nomads’ tents and kept the kids warm in bed. Sometimes they were helpful in hauling sledges and boats and hunting bears.

During the late 1800s, the breed began to arrive in England. However, not all of the early imports were the unmixed white breed which is common today. One of these early imports was gifted to Queen Alexandra, who worked hard to promote the Samoyed. Interestingly, there are many modern pedigrees that can be traced back from this dog.

The first Samoyed was brought to the United States in 1906, a gift from Grand Duke Nicholas of Russia. At the time, the breed became well known for its ability to outperform other sledge dogs, and in the early 20th century, they would become members of various sledge teams on expedition to the South Pole and Antarctica.

Since World War II, American dog fanciers have made the Samoyed quite popular, attracted to the breed for its glossy, refined appearance and brave feats.

While the Samoyed people may have settled down long ago, but the breed continues to be spread out throughout the world.