Finnish Spitz Dog Breed

The Finish Spitz is known to be a clever breed that’s easily trainable.
By: PawCulture Editors
Finnish Spitz Dog Breed

About the Finnish Spitz Dog Breed

The Finnish Spitz originated in Finland in the 19th century. They were bred to be hunting companions as well as home companions.

Finnish Spitz Physical Characteristics

The Finnish Spitz is a medium sized dog with erect ears on a triangular head. The tail is bushy and carried over the back.


The Finnish Spitz is most commonly seen in different shades of honey or rust.


The outercoat of the Finnish Spitz is medium in length, straight and harsh. The undercoat is thick, dense and soft. The undercoat is shed during the warmer months of the year.

Finnish Spitz Personality and Temperament

Activity Level

Moderate to High


Finnish Spitz’s are known for being very clever dogs, and for this reason they are easily trainable. This breed makes a good watchdog, and they do well with children and other dogs.

Things to Consider

This breed will bark constantly if they are left alone for too long.

Finnish Spitz Care

Ideal Living Conditions

The Finnish Spitz will do well in the city or in the country; in the city, as long as it is not left alone for long. The countryside would give the Spitz more allowance to bark for long periods. This dog needs a family that is active and that will provide an active lifestyle.

Special Requirements

Regular grooming is needed for this breed.

Finnish Spitz Health

The following conditions are commonly seen in Finnish Spitz:


Finnish Spitz History and Background

Originating from northern spitz dogs that roamed with early Finno-Ugrian tribes in their travels throughout Eurasia and Finland, the Finnish Spitz has a rich ancestral history. These dogs were probably watchdogs and camp followers and then later developed into hunting dogs. As the breed was isolated until the early 19th century, it remained unadulterated.

In the 1800s, the purebred Finnish Spitz was almost wiped out due to inter-breeding when other people came to the region with their dogs. Two Finnish sportsmen, however, discovered some purebred Finnish Spitzes in the late 1800s and became determined to rescue the breed.

It was originally known by many names, including the Finnish Cock-Eared Dog, Suomenpystykorva, and Finnish Barking Bird Dog. When it first arrived in England, for instance, it was referred to as Finsk Spets (a tribute to its Swedish name). It was in 1891 that Finnish Spitz became its official name. The nickname “Finkie” was later adopted.

The Finish Spitz did not arrive in the United States until the 1960s. In 1988, it was officially placed in the American Kennel Club’s Non-Sporting Group. The Finkie is still used as a hunting companion in Finland. In America it is mainly considered a house pet.