Dogue De Bordeaux Dog Breed

The Dogue de Bordeaux is a large and powerful dog with a muscular body. Their ears are v-shaped, and their mouths have a distinctive droopy upper lip.
By: PawCulture Editors
Dogue De Bordeaux Breed

About the Dogue De Bordeaux Dog Breed

The Dogue de Bordeaux, also known as the Bordeaux Mastiff, is one the most ancient dog breeds from France.

Dogue De Bordeaux Physical Characteristics

The Dogue de Bordeaux is a large and powerful dog, with a muscular body. The Bordeaux head, said to be the largest in the canine world (in proportion to its body) is also large with distinctive wrinkles in the forehead. The ears are v-shaped and the mouth has the distinctive droopy upper lip.


The Dogue de Bordeaux is most commonly seen in reddish-brown or golden fawn.


Short and soft to the touch.

Dogue De Bordeaux Personality and Temperament

Activity Level



The Dogue de Bordeaux is extremely loyal and affectionate to his family, including children. He is also well known as an excellent guard dog. However, the breed typically uses its intimidating size and bark rather than aggression to steer off dangerous strangers.

Things to Consider

Due to his size, you should only consider getting a Dogue de Bordeaux if you are ready for the responsibility. The dog should be socialized and trained at a young age, especially if he is to be around children and other pets often. Also the Dogue de Bordeaux is considered a heavy drooler.

Dogue De Bordeaux Care

Ideal Living Conditions

The Dogue de Bordeaux would fare well in the city or country.

Special Requirements

The breed should be trained properly by a professional.

Dogue De Bordeaux Health

The following conditions are commonly seen in the Dogue de Bordeaux:

Dogue De Bordeaux History and Background

The ancient history of the Dogue de Bordeaux is shrouded in mystery. Some believe the dog breed to be an ancestor to the Bullmastiff; others believe the breed predates the Bullmastiff and the Bulldog; there are even some that believe that the Bulldog was a foundation stock to the Dogue. However, what the American Kennel Club (AKC) says is undisputable is the fact that the Dogue de Bordeaux shares the same common links as all modern molossers, descendants of the Molossus, a dog that lived around the time of 700 BC.

The Dogue de Bordeaux was once classified into three varieties: the Parisian, Toulouse and Bordeaux. This classification was based on region of France and their primary jobs, including a guard dog, hunting dog or a fighter. The breed was especially prized as a guard dog, protecting the homes of France’s wealthy people. However, this was also a setback for the breed as many perished with their wealthy masters during the French Revolution. The dog breed also encountered another setback when Adolph Hitler was said to have demanded that all Dogues de Bordeaux be executed during World War II because out their devout loyalty to their owners.

A group of Dogue de Bordeaux breeders in France, headed by Raymond Triquet, worked on rebuilding the foundation of the dog breed during the 19602. In 1970 a breed standard was written for the breed, which was later updated in 1995. This standard was the basis for the AKC standard written in 2005. The Dogue de Bordeax today is formally recognized by the United Kennel Club, Fédération Cynologique Internationale, Canadian Kennel Club, and various other dog breed organizations.