Curly-Coated Retriever Dog Breed

This breed loves swimming and playing fetch.
By: PawCulture Editors
Curly-Coated Retriever

The Curly-Coated Retriever originated in the early 19th century. It is thought that they were bred from English Water Spaniels, Poodles, and the Newfoundland dog. This breed was literally bred to swim in icy water and retrieve ducks.

Physical Characteristics

The Curly-Coated Retriever has a medium sturdy built frame. They have droop ears and gold eyes. The tail is long and pointed. These dogs were made for swimming.


This Curly-Coated Retriever is most commonly seen in black or liver.


The coat of the Curly-Coated Retriever is made up of a mass of small tight curls. There are curls covering the entire body except for the face and legs.

Personality and Temperament


Moderate to High


The Curly-Coated Retriever loves swimming and playing fetch. Curly-Coated Retrievers are very loyal to their families, and they adore children who will run and swim with them.


Curly-Coated Retrievers do better with training; they also need a lot of attention.



The Curly-Coated Retriever would do well in the country.


Curly-Coated Retrievers need daily exercise.


The following conditions are commonly seen in Curly-Coated Retrievers:

  • Hypothyroidism
  • Cushing’s Syndrome

History and Background

The Curly-Coated Retriever’s origin has not been properly documented. Some believe this particular breed was in England during the late 1700s, acquiring its name from its distinct curly coat.

It is said that the Curly-Coated Retriever is descended from the Old English Water Dog, the smaller Newfoundland, and the Irish Water Spaniel. The breed’s curls were introduced later, after the mix was crossed with the Poodle, also a water retriever breed.

The Curly-Coated Retriever earned enormous recognition in England during the mid-1800s. It was first exported to the United States in 1907, and later exported to New Zealand and Australia. The breed was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1924.