Clumber Spaniel Dog Breed

This breed originated in England and was used for bird hunting.
By: PawCulture Editors
Clumber Spaniel dog breed

The Clumber Spaniel originated in England, where it was bred from Basset Hounds and Alpine Spaniels. The Clumber Spaniel was used primarily for bird hunting.

Physical Characteristics

The Clumber Spaniel is a short, medium-sized dog with a heavy body. The head is large, with large drop ears.


The Clumber Spaniel is most commonly seen in white with orange markings.


The Clumber Spaniel has a dense soft coat with feathering on the underbody, chest, and legs.

Personality and Temperament




The Clumber Spaniel is very loving toward the family. These dogs love kids and get along with other animals easily.


The Clumber Spaniel can be standoffish with strangers.



The Clumber Spaniel would do well in the city or in the country.


The Clumber Spaniel needs to be groomed on a regular basis.


Entropion, a condition in which the edge of the eyelid turns in and causes the eyelashes to rub against the eye, is commonly seen in Clumber Spaniels.

History and Background

The Clumber Spaniel is a breed that has a keen hunting capability. It is, however, not as popular as some of the other spaniel breeds. The origin of the Clumber Spaniel dates back to as early as the latter part of the 16th century, eventually receiving its name during the period of the French Revolution of 1789. Legend holds that during the time of the revolution, the French Duke of Noailles moved his kennel of spaniels to England for sanctuary, housing them at the Duke of Newcastle kennels at Clumber Park (thus the breed’s name) in Nottinghamshire. 

One of the distinctive characteristics of the Clumber is their compact shape and size. Because of this, some suggest that the low-bodied Basset Hound and the old, heavy-headed Alpine Spaniel may have been responsible for the evolution of the Clumber Spaniel. 

Clumbers were first shown in England in the mid-19th century. Almost instantly, the English nobility became attracted to the breed for its great hunting ability. Although the breed appears to have entered the United States near the end of the 17th century, the first Clumber was not registered until the late 19th century, before the American Kennel Club itself was founded. Today, the Clumber Spaniel is considered a wonderful show dog and an excellent hunter.