Border Collie Dog Breed

This breed is highly intelligent and loves to work and play, especially with kids and other dogs.
By: PawCulture Editors
Border Collie with tongue out having a fun time in the yard.

About the Border Collie Dog Breed

The Border Collie was originally bred to herd sheep throughout England and Ireland. Today you are more likely to see it chasing a ball or catching a Frisbee.

Border Collie Physical Characteristics

The Border Collie is a medium-sized dog with nearly perfect body proportions. It has an athletic build with a long bushy tail and ears that are either erect or semi-erect.


The Border Collie is typically black and white in color. Some have freckles on their muzzles.


Soft and medium in length.

Border Collie Personality and Temperament

Activity Level



The Border Collie is highly intelligent and some would even say witty. It loves to play and work and it gets along with kids and other dogs.

Things to Consider

The Border Collie requires sufficient attention and stimulation (tasks, games, exercise, etc.) or it may develop behavior issues. They can be shy around new people.

Border Collie Care

Ideal Living Conditions

The Border Collie fares the best in a country setting.

Special Requirements

Their coats require weekly brushing.

Border Collie Health

The following conditions are commonly seen in Border Collies:


Border Collie History and Background

While the exact origins of the Border Collie remain unknown, it is believed the breed may have developed from various sheepdogs used to protect flocks of grazing animals along the border of England and Scotland (and thus the origin of the breed’s name.)

During the 1800s, various herding dogs were present in Great Britain. Among them, “fetching” dogs would organize cattle and bring them back to the shepherd by barking at the cattle or nipping at the animals in order to keep them in line.

In 1873, a sheepdog trial took place whereby Hemp, often considered the progenitor of the Border Collie, skillfully gathered the cattle in a calm manner without nipping or barking at them. The breed continued to be referred to as sheepdogs until 1915, after which they came to be known as Border Collie.

This breed gained huge popularity in the United States as a herding dog, sought after because of its proven obedience during trial shows. After much effort from Border Collie fanciers, the breed was finally recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995.

Today, the Border Collie is loved for many of its characteristics, including its extraordinary instinct and uncanny ability to reason.