American Water Spaniel Dog Breed

This breed is excellent for hunting and loves to play with people and children.
By: PawCulture Editors
American Water Spaniel with beautiful coat and dog collar

About the American Water Spaniel Dog Breed 

The American Water Spaniel was bred in the Midwest for the purpose of hunting birds from boats. It is generally thought that the Irish Water Spaniel and the curly-coated retriever are the ancestors of this dog breed.

American Water Spaniel Physical Characteristics

The American Water Spaniel has a small to medium build with large droopy ears and eyes that are usually yellow, brown or gold. Its tail is long and curved.


The American Water Spaniel is typically dark brown to liver in color.


Short to medium and dense with lots of curls.

American Water Spaniel Personality and Temperament

Activity Level



The American Water Spaniel loves to swim and play; it gets along well with children.

Things to Consider

The American Water Spaniel requires regular grooming and proper training so that it does not exhibit food aggression tendencies. As it is a high-energy breed, the American Water Spaniel also requires plenty of daily exercise.

American Water Spaniel Care

Ideal Living Conditions

The American Water Spaniel would fare well in country or city, especially with an energetic family that understands the importance of proper discipline.

Special Requirements

Because of its dense, water-resistant coat, the American Water Spaniel requires regular grooming to prevent matting.

American Water Spaniel Health

Obesity, ear infections and dental disease are conditions commonly seen in American Water Spaniels.

American Water Spaniel History and Background

Though nothing can be confirmed about the origins of the American Water Spaniel, it came to be recognized as a breed for the first time in the mid-western parts of the United States. It is assumed that the breed evolved from the Irish Water Spaniel and its other versions like Tweed Water Spaniels, Northern Water Spaniels and Southern Water Spaniels. It is also believed that the English Water Spaniel and the Curly-Coated Retriever might have played a part in its development.

American Water Spaniel wasn’t registered with the American Kennel Club until 1940 and remains one of its less common breeds. The breed, however, remains popular in Wisconsin and is recognized as the state dog.