American Eskimo Dog Breed

The American Eskimo dog is highly trainable.
By: PawCulture Editors
full coated white dog laying in grass

About the American Eskimo Dog Breed

Made popular by the circus, the American Eskimo Dog was bred as a performer and watch dog. This breed was the first to ever walk the tight rope at a circus.

American Eskimo Dog Physical Characteristics

The American Eskimo Dog is small to medium in size with a compact build. It has a wedge-shaped head, erect ears, and a bushy tail that curls over its back.


The American Eskimo Dog is typically seen in all white.


The American Eskimo Dog’s coat is medium to long coat that is thick and heavy.

American Eskimo Dog Personality and Temperament

Activity Level

Moderate to High


The American Eskimo Dog is highly trainable and gets along well with children and other dogs. It is also a great watchdog.

Things to Consider

The American Eskimo Dog sheds a lot and can be hostile toward strangers.

American Eskimo Dog Care

Ideal Living Conditions

The American Eskimo Dog fares well in the country or city. Ideally it should be placed with a family that has an active lifestyle.

Special Requirements

The American Eskimo Dog requires regular grooming.

American Eskimo Dog Health

The following conditions are commonly seen in American Eskimo Dogs:


American Eskimo Dog History and Background

The American Eskimo Dog (or Eskie) is almost certainly descended from various European Spitzes, including the white German Spitz, the white Keeshond, the white Pomeranian, and the Volpino Italiano (or white Italian Spitz).

Originally referred to as the American Spitz, the breed was first used as a circus performer, traveling throughout the United States and entertaining the audience with tricks. The American Spitz was especially apt at this line of work because of its sparkling white coat, quickness, agility, innate intelligence, and its proficiency at training. As news of the traveling dog with its bag of tricks grew, its popularity did as well. Spectators would often buy young American Spitz pups from the circus.

In 1917, the “American Spitz” became known as the “American Eskimo Dog.” Although the reasoning for this is uncertain, it is probably to pay homage to the native Eskimo people who developed the large, Nordic dogs associated with the Eskie.

The American Eskimo Dog Club of America was formed in 1985. After transferring their registered dogs to the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1993, the AKC recognized the American Eskimo Dog in 1995 and placed the breed in the Non-Sporting Group.