Welsh Springer Spaniel Dog Breed

The Welsh Springer Spaniel is known for its soft, gentle expression. It is a sensitive breed that loves human companionship.
By: PawCulture Editors
Welsh Springer Spaniel Dog Breed

About This Breed

The Welsh Springer Spaniel is a retriever dog originating from Wales. Loyal and dependable, it requires plenty of love. Bred to be a working dog, the Welsh Spring Spaniel also needs active owners and daily exercise.

Physical Characteristics

The Welsh Springer Spaniel has a compact and muscular body and is slightly longer than it is tall. This dog breed is known for its soft, gentle expression.


Welsh Springer Spaniels have a white coat with red markings, usually in a piebald pattern.


The Welsh Springer Spaniel’s fur is either straight or flat. This dense coat defends it from harsh weather conditions.

Personality and Temperament




The Welsh Springer Spaniel is a sensitive breed that loves human companionship. This dog breed is easy-going by nature and is often extremely devoted to its owner.


Welsh Springer Spaniels can sometimes be alert and cautious around strangers. These dogs need daily exercise and can become hyperactive if kept idle.



The Welsh Springer Spaniel fares the best in a loving home with an active family.


Brushing and combing a Welsh Springer Spaniel is necessary at least once or twice a week. Occasionally, its coat will need a trim. Routine exercise is a must for this breed, and should be accompanied by games and long walking sessions. Welsh Springer Spaniels love living inside the house with open access to a field, yard or lawn, as well as frequent outdoor expeditions.


The following conditions are commonly seen in the Welsh Springer Spaniel:

Ear and eye problems including otitis externa and glaucoma

Canine hip dysplasia


History and Background

An excellent hunter, the Welsh Springer Spaniel is thought to have evolved from the crossing of the Clumber and English Spaniels. But before the Welsh Springer Spaniel emerged in Wales, land spaniels were in use in the country. The dogs that appeared in the first dog-shows in England were English and Welsh Springer Spaniels. 

The Welsh Springer Spaniel was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1906, but failed to gain much popularity. By the end of World War II, it was nearly extinct. Fortunately, fresh imports from Wales and other European countries revived the breed.

Since then, this breed with retrieving skills both on land and in water, has been able to garner a moderate popularity in the United States.