The Pomeranian was originally bred as a large sled dog in the 16th century, but was reduced in size through breeding sometime in the 19th century. Perhaps this is why the breed often has a personality that resembles one of a large dog. A member of the toy group, the Pomeranian remains a popular companion dog today.
The Pomeranian is small with a refined build. Its head is also small and fox-like. Its ears, meanwhile, are erect and the tail is curled over the back.
Most commonly seen red, black, sable, brown, blue, orange, cream, or any combination of these.
The Pomeranian’s outer coat is dense, coarse and straight, especially around its neck. Its undercoat, meanwhile, is thick and much softer.
Personality and Temperament
The Pomeranian is intelligent and amorous towards its human family. In fact, it enjoys spending as much time in a lap as possible. The breed is the perfect companion to a single owner.
Things to Consider
The Pomeranian can be a stubborn; it does not like to share toys or food with other dogs or children. It also will bark, growl and snap at strangers or children. In fact, Pomeranians are generally not considered a good pet for families with kids; that is, unless the Pomeranian was socialized with them at a young age.
Ideal Living Conditions
The Pomeranian fares well in the city or country.
The Pomeranian requires regular grooming and care, as it has a delicate build and can become injured easily.
The following conditions are commonly seen in Pomeranians:
Patent ductus arteriosus
History and Background
The Pomeranian descended from the Spitz family of dogs, an ancient group from the Arctic and the progenitors to the sled dog. The breed gets its name from the now defunct region of Pomerania (present day Germany and Poland) not because it originated there, but because the breed was most likely developed and bred down to size there.
It was only after the dogs were introduced in England in the mid-19th century that they came to be known as Pomeranians, but these dogs were not as we know them today. Probably weighing in at about 30 pounds and white in color, the most probable ancestor of the breed was the Deutscher Spitz. In its larger form, the breed served as a sheepherder.
The English Kennel Club recognized the Pomeranian in 1870. However, the breed only grew in popularity when Queen Victoria imported a Pomeranian from Italy. And while her dogs were large and gray, most others were small and sported a variety of colorful strains.
The breed was placed in dog shows in the United States under the American Kennel Club’s Miscellaneous Class as far back as 1892, but it was not until 1900 that it received a regular classification. By then, the breed was exhibited in various colors in both the U.S. and England. The trend of breeding the Pomeranian smaller continued and even more emphasis was placed on its coat and “puff-ball” look. Today, this miniaturize sled dog continues to attract dog fanciers, as well as loving families.
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