Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Everything you want to know about this popular and beloved breed.
By: PawCulture Editors
Pembroke Welsh Corgi

About This Breed

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi was first used by farmers in South Wales to skillfully herd cattle, sheep, and ponies. A friendly and beautiful dog, it is still used today as a farm herder — nipping at heels and bending under hooves —but is more often kept as a house pet. It is closely related to the Cardigan Welsh Corgi; a good way to tell them apart is by their tails. The Pembroke Corgis have no tails, while the Cardigans do.

Physical Characteristics

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is short with a long body and very short legs. Its head is triangular with round close-set eyes and erect ears. The breed also has no tail.


The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is most commonly seen in sable, red, fawn, and black and white.


The Pembroke Corgi has soft outer coat and a dense rough undercoat.

Personality and Temperament

Activity Level

Moderate to High


The Pembroke Welsh Corgi loves its family and playing. It excels at many outdoor activities, including dog sporting competitions.

Things to Consider

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is known to be a barker and can be aggressive toward strangers.


Ideal Living Situation

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi fares well in the city or country.

Special Requirements

The breed requires daily exercise and a weekly brushing routine.


The following conditions are commonly seen in Pembroke Welsh Corgis:

Progressive retinal atrophy

Bladder stones

Hip dysplasia


History and Background

Although many believe the Pembroke Welsh Corgi to be an ancient breed, outlining its origins is difficult. A book dating back to the 11th century, however, does mention a Welsh cattle dog.

The Pembroke shares its background with the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, but this Corgi was bred separately in Pembrokeshire. As it was a hard-working dog, the Corgi occupied the farms when many early dog shows were taking place. In the 1920s many dog show owners began entering their Corgis into these competitions, and in 1926, the Cardigan Club formed.

As breeders attempted to improve the breed’s natural good looks, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi became more popular. However, noticeable differences between the Cardigan and the Pembroke were difficult to judge. The Pembroke and Cardigan Corgis were eventually classified as separate breeds in 1934.

Although they can be seen in farms around the world, it is more popular as a house dog, especially in Britain.

National Clubs and/or Organizations

Pembroke Welsh Corgi Club of America

Fun Fact(s)

The word “Corgi” in Welsh means “dog.”

Image via Shutterstock