Miniature Schnauzer

A breed known for its charm and intelligence.
By: PawCulture Editors
Miniature Schnauzer

About This Breed

The Miniature Schnauzer is a small terrier known by its admirers for being charming and intelligent, but can also serve as a watch dog due to its protective nature. This breed easily adapts to a wide range of lifestyles.

Physical Characteristics

The Miniature Schnauzer is small and robust with a rectangular head featuring V-shaped eyebrows. This breed is known for their thick whiskers and leg furnishings. It resembles the Standard Schnauzer with ears and tail that are set high and ranges in size between 12 to 14 inches tall. A female may have a more refined head and lighter neck.


The Miniature Schnauzer can be seen in a variety of colors and color combinations, including salt and pepper, black, silver, and white.


The Miniature Schnauzer has a double coat with a hard, wiry outer coat and soft, dense undercoat, which is noticeably longer around the eyebrows, legs, and muzzle.

Personality and Temperament

Activity Level

Moderate to High


When trained properly, the Miniature Schnauzer is good with children and gets along well with other dogs.

Things to Consider

Their coat requires combing every week in addition to shaping and scissoring. The Miniature Schnauzer is often inclined to barking behavior.


Ideal Living Situation

The Miniature Schnauzer is capable of living outdoors in temperate or warm climates. However, it is suggested to keep them indoors with the family based on their emotional needs.

Special Requirements

The breed requires regular grooming and coat maintenance.


The following conditions are commonly seen in Miniature Schnauzers:

Mycobacterium avium infections


Retinal dysplasia


Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)

Willebrand’s disease

Myotonia congenita

Schnauzer comedo syndrome


History and Background

The Miniature Schnauzer origins can be traced back to Germany in the late 19th-century. Originally this breed was used to keep rats and vermin away from farms. It is believed that they were derived from the Standard Schnauzer by crossbreeding Affenpinschers and Poodles with small Standards. Ironically, the word “Schnauzer” means “small beard” in German.

The breed is a member of the Terrier Group, which was recognized in 1926 by the American Kennel Club. In 1933, the AKC grouped the Miniature and the Standard Schnauzers into two separate breeds. Today, the Miniature Schnauzer is the smallest and most popular among the Schnauzers.

Image via Shutterstock