About the English Cocker Spaniel Dog Breed
English Cocker Spaniels originated in the 19th century as hunting companions and were used to flush out Woodcocks from heavily wooded areas. Their ancestors include other field spaniels.
English Cocker Spaniel Physical Characteristics
The English Cocker Spaniel is a medium size dog with a long head and feathered ears that hang past the shoulder. The natural tail is set low, thick at the base and, tapering at the end. However it is customary to dock (shorten) the English Spaniel’s tail.
The English Cocker Spaniel is most commonly seen in white with black, red, liver, blue or orange markings. It is common to see freckles on the face, head and legs.
The coat of the English Cocker Spaniel is soft and silky and medium in length. It has feathering on the ears, belly, chest and legs. The coat can be straight or wavy.
English Cocker Spaniel Personality and Temperament
English Cocker Spaniels are happy, loving and gentle in nature. They are great with kids and good with other animals. They enjoy family activities and love to bird hunt. They will bark at strangers but are not normally aggressive. This breed excels in obedience training and canine sports.
Things to Consider
English Cocker Spaniels need to have special attention paid to grooming and keeping the ears clean to prevent infection of the ear. Because of the anatomy of the ears (i.e., droopy and folded) they are more prone to infection.
English Cocker Spaniel Care
Ideal Living Conditions
The English Cocker Spaniel would do well in the city or country.
The English Cocker Spaniels breed needs regular grooming and ear cleaning.
English Cocker Spaniel Health
The following conditions are commonly seen in English Cocker Spaniels:
- Progressive Retinol Atrophy
- Ear Infections
- Cryptorchid (undescended testicles)
English Cocker Spaniel History and Background
The English Cocker Spaniel belongs to the family of land spaniels that are extremely competent at hunting. The breed received the recognition of a distinctive variety only in 1936, with the formation of the English Cocker Spaniel Club of America.
However, the crossing of the American and English Cockers was not encouraged by the English Cocker Spaniel Club, which resulted in the separation of the English Cocker and the American Cocker in 1946. The English Cocker Spaniel is also known as just the Cocker Spaniel. American Cockers are popular only in their homeland, but the English Cocker Spaniel is recognized all over the world.