Australian Cattle Dog Breed

This breed is loyal and great with children and other dogs.
By: PawCulture Editors
Australian Shepherd relaxing in a field.

The Australian Shepherd was actually bred in the U.S. as a farm dog. However, it is also thought to have ancestors from Spain.

Physical Characteristics

Australian Shepherds have a medium build with a semi high-tucked belly. The ears are folded over the forehead. The tails are naturally bobbed or docked.


The Australian Shepherd is usually a merle color. Red and blue merle are the most commonly seen in this breed. The eyes of this breed are very distinctive; they are usually gold, brown or blue and almost always have some kind of flecks of color.


Medium to long with a very dense undercoat.

Personality and Temperament




The Australian Shepherd is very loyal and loves to work and play. It is very good with children and other dogs.


The Australian Shepherd is the type of dog that constantly needs to be doing something. Otherwise, it can be quite mischievous such as chase smaller animals.



Australian Shepherds fare well in the country.


In addition to constantly needing attention, the Australian Shepherd requires regular grooming.


The Australian Shepherd is known to have a sensitivity to Invermectin, a prescription dug used to treat infections caused by roundworms, threadworms and other parasites.

History and Background

The Australian Shepherd is, in fact, not Australian at all. A popular theory states that the Basques herders who emigrated to Australia in the 19th century brought their sheep and their sheepdogs, some of which were Australian Shepherd dogs, with them. Others believe the breed, which is known for its versatility, originated in Turkey more than 5,000 years ago.

What is certain is that the Australian Shepherd Club of America was established in 1957. These dogs soon adapted themselves to the harsh conditions of the United States; some were even featured in film or used as trick dogs in rodeos. The American Kennel Club formally recognized the breed in 1993. 

National Clubs and/or Organizations

United States Australian Shepherd Association

20140 Woodchuck RD

Sonora, CA  95370-8415

Fun Fact(s)

The Australian Shepherd is considered to be the dog that tamed the west.